International Legal and Organizational Framework for OSCE Activities in the Context of Human Security
This paper examines some aspects of the formation of the legal and organizational foundations of the OSCE's "human dimension" as a necessary channel for maintaining peace and security.Development of this direction, which goes beyond human rights issues, involves expanding the scope of scientific discourse in order to understand objective ideas about the humanitarian essence of the security of this actor. Various regulatory legal and organizational practices have formed over time, corresponding to specific ideas of the expert community about some aspects of human security. Attempts have been made to identify some characteristics of the new OSCE security tools. namely: whether its human dimension meets the growing needs in the field of human protection, respect for its wide range of rights and freedom. The methodological basis of the article was compiled by general scientific methods of cognition as well as: descriptive, historical, legal and comparative. Issues related to the formation of the international organizational and legal foundations of the human dimension are built in line with the revision and reassessment of certain aspects of the logic development of the OSCE security system and its humanitarian dimension. This study analyzes individual policy documents of the OSCE that have purposefully expanded the scope of legal and humanitarian assessment of the organization's activities since the Helsinki Final Act. According with the increasing number of attempts to undermine the principle of the indivisibility of security and updating the search query definition of what should be the structure is especially against the background of considerable distrust between the individual members increases the probability of minimization trend of universal role of the OSCE. This means that existing practice of declarative confirmation of commitment to common principles, commitments in the human dimension, while preserving the complex and contradictory relationship ceased to be adequate to the new realities of international relations. The problems of the need to update ideology and, accordingly, channels, methods of ensuring multifaceted security determine the formation of the most constructive trans-regional models that provide decent protection for people and society in situations. The humanitarian aspect of the OSCE’s activities, which requires taking into account multifactor development of the practice of applying the universal principle of comprehensive protection of human rights and its fundamental freedoms, clearly has a limited opportunity for the effective use of an inter-dimensional approach. Low efficiency is due, including to certain existing discrepancies and actions in the field of security on the basis of international and national programs. There is an urgent need to search and formulate a new vision for ensuring humanitarian security that meets not only the current demands of member states, but also directed at minimizing the impact of expected challenges and threats in a rapidly changing world.
Keywords: OSCE, UN, human security, human dimension, humanitarian crisis, international actor, international relations.